Wilma H. Schiermeier Olentangy River Wetland Research Park
- Currently a Ramsar Site
Exemplary Ecosystem Services:
- Maintains ecological connectivity/cohesion
- Recreation (birdwatching, ecotourism)
- Flood storage/mitigation
- Carbon storage
- Water quality improvement
CONSERVATION STATUS AND THREATS
Conservation status: RAMSAR Designation
Adjacent Land Use: Urban
Approximate natural buffer width:
Approximate size: 14
General wetland characterization:
- Inland Fresh Seasonally Flooded Basin/Flat
- Inland Shallow Fresh Marsh
Adjacent Water Bod(ies):
Name of body of water: Olentangy River
The geology of the ORWRP is Wisconsinan Till which is an unsorted mix of silt, clay, sand, gravel, and boulders (geosurvey.ohiodnr.gov).
The wetlands are primarily within the Ross silt loam (occasionally flooded) soil type. There is a portion of the site (~16%) that is Eldean silt loam (2-6 percent slopes) but this area is mostly covered by site infrastructure (e.g. research/teaching facility, driveway, research compound, etc.).
FLORA AND FAUNA
Dominant flora: eastern cottonwood, black willow, silver maple, red maple, pawpaw, hybrid cattail, american lotus, soft-stem bullrush, common three square, flowering rush, honeysuckle spp., common bur-reed.
Unique flora: brome grass, three lobed bedstraw, butternut, blazing star, red mulberry, american lotus, sycamore, floating leaf pondweed, skunk cabbage, and western ironweed.
Dominant fauna: Wood Cds, Beavers, Muskrats, White-tailed deer, Red fox, Coyotes, American Toads, Gray tree frogs, Spring peepers, Eastern garter snakes, Red-eared sliders, Snapping turtles, Greenside darters, rainbow darters, banded darters, bluntnose minnows, bluegills, and pumpkinseed sunfish.
Rare fauna: Spotted darter (research species)