Spicer Lake Nature Preserve
Protects biological diverse wetland flora, fauna and/or their habitat
Supports significant numbers of wetland-dependent fauna, such as water birds or fish
Exemplary Ecosystem Services:
- Aesthetic/cultural heritage value/ provisioning
- Recreation (birdwatching, ecotourism)
- Flood storage/mitigation
- Carbon storage
- Water quality improvement
CONSERVATION STATUS AND THREATS
Conservation status: State/Province/Regional Protection
Adjacent Land Use: Agricultural (cropland, orchards, greenhouse)
Approximate natural buffer width:
> 100 ft
Also low denisty residential, and pastureland.
Approximate size: The approximate size of basin wetland is 37.5 Ha.
General wetland characterization:
- Inland Fresh Shrub Swamp
- Inland Fresh Wooded Swamp
Adjacent Water Bod(ies):
Name of body of water: Headwaters of Dowling Creek; Legal drain: Sandmeir Ditch. Spicer Lake. Lancaster Lake.
The basin lies within the Valparaiso end moraine composed of glacial medium to fine grained end moraine deposits. The coarser textured soils of the ridge between the Lancaster Lake basin and main basin suggests an outlet stream may have formed between the ice blocks in the early stages of development.
Houghton muck (HO); Marsh (Mc); Milford silty clay loam (Mp); Palms muck (Pa); Wallkill silt loam (Wk)
FLORA AND FAUNA
Dominant flora: Acer rubrum, Fraxinus nigra, Ulmus americana, Lindera benzoin, Ilex verticillata, Cephalanthus occidentalis, Bidens connata, Boehmeria cylinderica, Osmunda cinnamomea
Unique flora: Lycopodium lucidulum, Woodwardia virginica, Carex alantica ssp capillacea (state endangered), C. bromoides, , C. crinita, C. intumescens, , Coptis trifoliata , Lycopus rubellus, Maianthemum canadense, Medeolea virginiana, Peltandra virginica, Viola pallens, Viburnum cassinoides (state endangered)
Dominant fauna: Northern Banded Watersnake; Central Mud Minnow, Painted Turtle; Downy, Hairy Woodpeckers; Yellow Warbler, Common Yellowthroat; Eastern Screech Owl
Rare fauna: (SC) Blanchard’s Cricket Frog-Acris blanchardi, Sandhill Crane -Grus canadensis, Black-and-white Warbler-Mniotilta varia
Applicant First Name: Evelyn Kirkwood
Applicant Last Name: Director, St. Joseph County Parks
Applicant E-mail Address: email@example.com
Special thanks to Dr. Vic Riemenschneider for assistance with this application.